A cyst is a closed sac-like or capsule structure that contains semisolid material, gaseous material, or liquid. Cysts can occur anywhere in the body such as scalp, arms, back, behind the knee, etc. They can also grow within organs like the ovaries, kidneys, liver or the brain. It’s possible to diagnose cysts by palpation, ultrasound, X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, and needle biopsies.
There are many different types of cysts most of them being non-cancerous. However, abnormal growth can be a sign of cancer and hence your doctor might want to remove a tissue sample for testing purposes.
Types of Cysts include:
Sebaceous cyst: They are small, non-cancerous sac filled with sebum, an oily substance. They are also called Epidermoid cysts. They form from hair follicle. Sebaceous glands make oil for your skin and hair. They are usually found on the neck, shoulders, skin and on the neck. They are common in people who suffer from ache.
Ganglion cyst: This type of cyst usually forms on the hand or the wrist. Not to forget that they can also develop on the feet. They are found more often in women than in men. However, the reason behind their formation is still not known.
Ovarian cyst: A woman has two ovaries that produce eggs along with the hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. Sometimes, the fluid gets filled within or on the surface of these ovaries. Many women are likely to have a minimum of one cyst in their life. Ovarian cysts are also known as adnexal cysts. The symptoms of ovarian cysts include vomiting, nausea, painful bowel movement and pain during sex.
Breast Cyst: It usually occurs on your breast when there is a blockage in the milk ducts. Women in the age group of around 30s and 40s generally suffer from this type of cyst. They can also cause pain and discomfort in the affected area.
Pilonidal cyst: Occur most often in men rather than women. They generally occur around the top of the buttocks. They form when loose hairs get embedded on your skin. They are filled with body oils, hair, skin debris and some other substances. However, some medical clinics suggest that chronic infections in this type of cyst may broaden your chances of having a type of skin cancer known as squamous cell carcinoma.
Baker’s cyst: Forms at the back of the knee-joint and this type of cyst can become extremely painful.
Spermatoceles: Appear beside the skin that surrounds the testicles. Spermatoceles are generally painless and do not cause any kind of harm.
Chalazion or Meibomian Cyst: It is like a small bump and can appear on any of the upper or the lower eyelid. It disappears in about a month without any treatment. It happens due to blocked oil gland and can cause inflammation around the eye. You should consult a doctor if the chalazion is in the form of a large bump and blocks your vision.
Trichilemmal cyst: It is many times known as Pilar cyst and is formed from hair follicles. They are usually found on scalps. To know more on pilar cyst click here
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